A period of high risk is when ammunition is being transported. For this reason, considerable work has been carried out on regulating the external transportation by road and rail.
Checklist on Safe Transportation and Handling
√ Are there provisions to task manufacturers and users to attach written safety procedures for handling (and transportation) of munitions they produce and transport?
√ Do the means of transportation (and handling) meet the specified military requirements?
√ Are they in accordance with international hazardous materials transportation guidelines and/or UN recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods?
Useful resources on Safe Transportation
AASPT-2 Manual of NATO Safety Principles for the Transport of Military Ammunition and Explosives, Edition 1, September 2005
Convention on International Civil Aviation, Annex 18, The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Ninth Edition) (Doc 7300/9) IACO 2006
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) ECE/TRANS/202 (Vol 1), (ISBN 978-921-1-139131-2) New York and Geneva 2008
Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition, Chapter 3, Decision 6/08, OSCE 2008
IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) (51st Edition)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), Chapter VII – Carriage of Dangerous Goods, IMO 1974
International Maritime Dangerous Goods, IMO 2008
International Organisation on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID), (Appendix I to the International Agreement on Rail Freight Transport) OTIF
United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations (Fifteeth revised edition), ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev.15, ISBN 978-92-1-139120-6, New York and Geneva: United Nations, 2007