Between 2006 and September 2007, the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland acted as the implementing agency for the European Union Joint Action in Support of the Biological Weapons Convention.
The Joint Action in Support of the Biological Weapons Convention was mandated by the Council Joint Action 2006/184/CFSP in support of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, adopted on 27 February 2006 by the Council of the European Union. It was broadly anchored in the European Union Security Strategy, European Union Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and European Union's Common Position for the Sixth Review Conference of the BWC.
The EU Joint Action in support of the BWC had two goals:
- Universalisation: It sought to promote the universality of the Convention. At the time of the EU Joint Action, the BWC had 155 States Parties; 40 States still needed to join the Convention. The Joint Action comprised five regional seminars in different parts of the world. The meetings aimed to raise awareness about the importance of a universal BWC and encourage States that have signed the BWC before its entry into force in 1975 to ratify the convention and non-signatory States to accede to it. At the Sixth Review Conference of the BWC in 2006, the States Party identified universalisation as a key priority for the Seventh Review Conference to be held in 2011.
THE EU BWC JOINT ACTION CONSISTED OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES:
Part I, Phase 1: UNIVERSALISATION, PREPARATORY MEETINGS
Part I, Phase 2: UNIVERSALISATION, REGIONAL SEMINARS
Part II: IMPLEMENTATION ASSISTANCE
LIST OF EU BWC ACTIVITIES
- National implementation: It sought to assist States Parties with the development of national implementation legislation of the BWC. The focus was on drafting or ameliorating national legislation or regulations as required under Article IV of the BWC. Up to twelve assistance visits undertaken by teams consisting of the Biological Weapons Prevention Project (BWPP) Legal Coordinator and two legal experts from EU Member States were envisaged. An international conference organised at the EU Institute for Security Studies in Paris on 25 September 2006 aimed to promote the national implementation project of the Joint Action and invite interested States Parties to request such assistance.
First preparatory meeting for universalisation
, Brussels, Belgium, 3 April 2006.
Second preparatory meeting for universalisation
, Geneva, Switzerland, 25 April 2006.
Third preparatory meeting for universalisation
, New York, USA, 30 May 2006.
Regional seminar on universalisation for Southern and East Africa
, Nairobi, Kenya, 21-22 June 2006
Regional seminar on universalisation for Asia and the Pacific Islands
, Bangkok, Thailand, 8-9 November 2006
International conference, organised at the EU Institute for Security Studies
, Paris; France, 25 September 2006
Regional seminar on universalisation for Latin America and the Caribbean
, San José, Costa Rica, 18-19 January 2007
Regional seminar on universalisation for West and Central Africa
, Dakar, Senegal, 17-18 April 2007
Regional seminar on universalisation for the Middle East
, Rome, Italy, 16-17 April 2008