Pursuant to Article 10 (1) of the Protocol which states that "a Conference of High Contracting Parties shall be held as agreed to by a majority, but no less than eighteen High Contracting Parties", a letter co-signed by 22 States which have expressed consent to be bound by Protocol V was addressed to the Secretary-General in November 2006, inviting him to convene a Preparatory meeting and the first Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Protocol for the purpose of consultations and cooperation on all issues related to the operation of the Protocol.
Furthermore, the First Protocol V Conference
(5 November 2007) decided on the establishment of a mechanism for consultation and cooperation, consisting of annual informal meetings of experts
reporting to the Conferences of the High Contracting Parties.
The meetings of experts focus on discussions at the technical level in the areas of clearance of explosive remnants of war, cooperation and assistance, generic preventive measures, national reporting, recording the use and abandonment of explosive ordnance and victim assistance. The discussions at the meetings of experts are facilitated by coordinators who then report and propose recommendations to the annual conferences.