ACCESSIBILITY AT UNOG A A A A The United Nations in the Heart of Europe

HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE HOLDS ITS ONE-HUNDREDTH AND EIGHTH SESSION IN GENEVA FROM 8 TO 26 JULY

Experts to Review Reports of Ukraine, Tajikistan, Indonesia, Finland, Albania and Czech Republic
4 July 2013

The Human Rights Committee will hold its one hundredth and eighth session at the Palais Wilson in Geneva from 8 to 26 July during which it will review the reports of Ukraine, Tajikistan, Indonesia, Finland, Albania and Czech Republic on how they are implementing the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

On the first day of the session, the Committee will hear an address by the High Commissioner for Human Rights or her representative.  It will also adopt its agenda and programme of action.

During the session, the Committee will hear, in closed meetings, from United Nations organizations, specialized agencies, non-governmental organizations and national human rights institutions on the situation in the countries that it will review.

In addition, the Committee will discuss its methods of work and hear progress reports from its Special Rapporteur on follow-up to views.  It will also consider a number of individual communications in closed meetings.  The Committee will hold a meeting with States parties on 22 July.  It will continue its discussion on draft General Comment on Article 9 on the right of everyone to liberty and security of person.

All the meetings of the Committee will be held at the Palais Wilson, except for the meeting with States parties on 22 July which will be held in room XII of the Palais des Nations.

Except for Indonesia which is presenting its initial report CCPR/C/IND/1, all the other countries whose reports will be reviewed have previously appeared before the Committee.  Ukraine is presenting its seventh periodic report CCPR/C/UKR/7, and the Committee’s concluding observations and recommendations on the sixth periodic report, which was considered in 2006, can be found in CCPR/C/UKR/CO/6.  Tajikistan is presenting its second periodic report CCPR/C/TJK/2, and the Committee’s concluding observations and recommendations on the initial report, reviewed in July 2005, can be found in CCPR/CO/84/TJK.  Finland is presenting its sixth periodic report CCPR/C/FIN/6, and the Committee’s concluding observations and recommendations on the fifth periodic report, considered in 2004, can be found in CCPR/CO/82/FIN.  Albania is presenting its second periodic report CCPR/C/ALB/2, and the Committee’s concluding observations and recommendations on the initial report, considered in 2004, can be found in CCPR/CO/82/ALB.  The Czech Republic is presenting its third periodic report CCPR/C/CZE/3, and the Committee’s concluding observations and recommendations on the second periodic report, reviewed in 2007, can be found in CCPR/C/CZE/CO/3.

Information on the one-hundredth and eighth session can be found via this link

Background on the Covenant

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was adopted by the General Assembly and opened for signature in 1966, together with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.  Both entered into force in 1976.

The Civil and Political Rights Covenant begins by stating that all peoples have the right of self-determination.  It recognizes that everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. It prohibits torture, cruel or degrading treatment or punishment, and the arbitrary deprivation of life.  Anyone arrested is to be informed of the reasons for the arrest, and anyone arrested or detained on a criminal charge is to be brought promptly before a judge or another legally authorized person.

The Covenant also provides, among other rights, for freedom of movement, and places limitations upon the expulsion of aliens present lawfully in the territory of a State party.  In addition, the rights to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and to freedom of expression are recognized by the Covenant, which also prohibits any propaganda for war or any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred.

States Parties to Covenant

The following 167 States have ratified or acceded to the Covenant: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia,  Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Optional Protocols to the Covenant

The Optional Protocol to the Covenant provides for the confidential consideration of communications from individuals who claim to be victims of a violation of any rights recognized in the Covenant.  The Committee can receive no communications if it concerns a State party to the Covenant that is not also a party to the Optional Protocol.

The following 114 States are parties to the Optional Protocol: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Tajikistan, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela and Zambia.

The Human Rights Committee is also mandated, under article 41 of the Covenant, to consider communications from a State party alleging violations of the Covenants provisions by another State party.  This procedure can be applied when both States recognize this competence of the Committee by a relevant declaration. 

The Second Optional Protocol to the Covenant, which aims at the abolition of the death penalty, was adopted by the General Assembly on 15 December 1989 and entered into force on 11 July 1991.  The following 75 States have ratified or acceded to the Second Optional Protocol: Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, San Marino, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan and Venezuela.

Membership of the Committee

The States parties to the Covenant elect the Committee's 18 expert members who serve in their individual capacity for four-year terms.  Article 28 of the Covenant requires that "they shall be persons of high moral character and recognized competence in the field of human rights."  They are:

Yadh Ben Achour (Tunisia); Lazhari Bouzid (Algeria); Christine Chanet (France);   Ahmad Amin Fathalla (Egypt); Cornelis Flinterman (the Netherlands); Yuji Iwasawa (Japan); Mr. Walter Kalin (Switzerland), Zonke Zanele Majodina (South Africa); Kheshoe Parsad Matadeen (Mauritius); Iulia Antoanella Motoc (Romania); Gerarld Neuman (United States); Nigel Rodley (United Kingdom); Victor Manuel Rodriguez-Rescia (Costa Rica); Fabian Omar Salvioli (Argentina); Anja Seibert-Fohr (Germany); Yuval Shany (Israel); Konstantine Vardzelashvili (Georgia); and Margo Waterval (Suriname). 
 
Mr. Rodley is the Chairperson.  The Vice-Chairpersons are Mr. Ben Achour, Ms. Motoc and Ms. Waterval.  Mr. Flinterman is the Rapporteur.



Programme of Work

Monday, 8 July

10 a.m.         Opening of session, adoption of agenda, report of working group                  
3 p.m.          Seventh periodic report of Ukraine (CCPR/C/UKR/7)
 
Tuesday, 9 July

10 a.m.         Ukraine (continued)

3 p.m.          Second Periodic Report of Tajikistan (CCPR/C/TJK/2)


Wednesday, 10 July

10 a.m.         Tajikistan (continued)

3 p.m.          Initial Report of Indonesia (CCPR/C/IND/1)

Thursday, 11 July

10 a.m.         Indonesia (continued)
 
3 p.m.          Indonesia (continued)

Friday, 12 July

10 a.m.         Sixth Periodic report of Finland (CCPR/C/FIN/6)

3 p.m.          Finland (continued)
 
Monday, 15 July

10 a.m.         Closed meeting

3 p.m.          Second Periodic Report of Albania (CCPR/C/ALB/2)

Tuesday, 16 July

10 a.m.         Albania (continued)

3 p.m.          Third Periodic Report of the Czech Republic (CCPR/C/CZE/3)

Wednesday, 17 July

10 a.m.         Czech Republic (continued)

3 p.m.          (closed)

Thursday, 18 July

10 a.m.         Discussion on draft General Comment on Article 9 on the right of                             everyone to liberty and security of person

3 p.m.          Methods of Work
 
Friday, 19 July

10 a.m.         Closed

3 p.m.          Closed
Monday, 22 July

10 a.m.         Progress Report of Special Rapporteur on Follow-up to Views

11 a.m.         Methods of Work

3 p.m.          Meeting with States parties

Tuesday, 23 July

10 a.m.         Discussion on draft General Comment on Article 9 on the right of                             everyone to liberty and security of person

Wednesday, 24 July

10 a.m.         Closed

3 p.m.          Closed

Thursday, 25 July

10 a.m.         Discussion on draft General Comment on Article 9 on the right of                             everyone to liberty and security of person
 
3 p.m.          Closed

Friday, 26 July

10 a.m.         Closed

3 p.m.          Methods of Work and Public Closing

          Live webcasts of the session can be viewed on http://www.treatybodywebcast.org/

          To arrange an interview with a Committee member, please contact Kate Fox (+41 22 917     9398 / kfox@ohchr.org )


For more information and other media requests, please contact Liz Throssell (+41 (0) 22 917 9434/ +41 (0) 79 752 0488/ ethrossell@ohchr.org


For use of the information media; not an official record

CT13/014E